Offerings Made to Krishna Actually Goes to Lord Shiva

There is a famous Subhashita sloka which is as follows:

“Akashat patitam toyam sagaram prati gacchati |
sarva deva namaskaram Keshavam prati gacchati |”
“All the water fallen from the sky goes to the sea, similarly salutations to all the gods reaches to the one Lord Keshava”.

This verse is many a times used as an evidence to show the superiority of Krishna over Shiva and people state that even the worship of Shiva goes to Krishna. However, this verse is just a Subhashitam (roughly translated as ‘golden words’) and there is no evidence to prove this verse. But on the contrary scriptures have clear cut evidence which proves it other way round.

Vyasa Mahabharata has a clear evidence of Arjuna witnessing a strange event. Let’s read Arjuna’s strange revealation and experience directly as the scripture says.

“tato ‘rjunaḥ prītamanā vavande vṛṣabhadhvajam |
dadarśotphulla nayanaḥ samastaṃ tejasāṃ vidhim ||” (Mahabharata Drona Parva 7:57:60)
“taṃ copahāraṃ svakṛtaṃ naiśaṃ naityakam ātmanaḥ |
dadarśa tryambakābhyāśe vāsudeva niveditam ||” (Mahabharata Drona Parva 7:57:61)
“Sanjaya said, ‘Then Partha, with a cheerful soul and joined hands and eyes expanded (in wonder), gazed at the god having the bull for his mark and who was the receptacle of every energy. And he beheld the offerings he made every night to Vasudeva lying by the side of the Three-eyed deity”. (Book 7, Section LXXXI in translation by K.M. Ganguly)

From the above verses from Mahabharata the great epic of India, we learn that Arjuna used to worship Vasudeva (Krishna) every night with offerings, and when he and Krishna went to Kailasha – the abode of Lord Mahadeva; Arjuna found that whatever offerings he had been giving to Sri Krishna, everything was found offered at the lotus feet of lord Shiva.

This is actually a fact and a universal truth since Shruti also support this. And when Shruiti supports it, then that becomes a universal truth. Let’s see what Shruti says in support of Shiva.

A Suktam from Vedic literature states the following:

“Vrikshasya mUlasekena SAkhA pushyanti vai yathA |
Sive rudrajapAt preete pritA evAsya devatAh |
ato rudra-japAdeva bhukti-mukti pradidhyatah |”
“As pouring of water at the root of a tree nourishes all the branches, by pleasing sri Rudra, through Rudra japa (chanting of Sri Rudram hymn), all devatas are pleased. One attains Bhukti (enjoyments of life) and Mukti (freedom from the bondage of births-deaths cycle) by chanting Sri Rudram with devotion”.

The source of the above suktam is not known to me, but where from this is derived that is known to me. The aforementioned fact is an adaptation from the Krishna Yajurveda and exists in the Rudra-Hridayopanishad as follows.

“asya trailokyavR^ikshasya bhuumau viTapashaakhinaH |
agraM madhya.n tathaa muula.n vishhNubrahmamaheshvaraaH || (Rudra Hridayopanishad 1:14)
“This whole creation of Svarga, Martya and Patala Lokas is a big tree. Vishnu is the top portion (branches) of this tree. Brahma is the stem. The root is Lord Siva”.

For those people who aren’t aware of what is known as ‘Sri Rudram’. Let me describe it in brief to help such people understand the supreme status of that hymn.
Sri Rudram is a Vedic hymn in praise of Lord Shiva and exists in Yajurveda. It comprises of eleven Anuvakas (sections), and in the eighth Anuvaka, exists the supremely auspicious and salvation giving mantra called as ‘Shiva Panchakshari’ (namaH SivAya). Singing the glory of this five lettered mantra, scriptures further state the following thing:

“VidyAsu SrutirutkrishTA rudraikAdaSini Srutau |
tatra panchAksharI tasyAm Siva ityakshara dvayam ||”
“Among all sources of knowledge (vidyas), the Vedas are supreme. In the Vedas, Sri Rudram is supreme. In the Rudram, the Panchakshari mantra (namah SivAya) is supreme and in Panchakshari mantra itself, the two syllables ‘Siva’ is supreme!”

Now coming back to the context of the topic, we have seen that Shruti(Upanishad), Itihasa (Mahabharata) and the Subhashita Vedic literature unanimously state the two way fact that, worshiping Lord Shiva (watering the roots) is identical to worshiping all gods combined together (like watering the branches, leaves, stem etc.). And the other way round it stated that when one worships Sri Krishna (who is Lord Vishnu in reality), the worship goes to Lord Shiva only. In fact Rig Veda clearly states this fact that there is only one God whom we call by various names (Ekam Sat Viprah bahudha vadanti), and a careful study of Vedas would explain us the fact that the one single, non-dual god who appears as many forms is none other than Bhagwan Shiva only.

Now let me come back to the very first verse in this article which is copied below for ready reference.

“Akashat patitam toyam sagaram prati gacchati |
sarva deva namaskaram Keshavam prati gacchati |”
“All the water fallen from the sky goes to the sea, similarly salutations to all the gods reaches to the one Lord Keshava”.

The above verse is also a Subhashita verse, which is actually refuted by the above analysis. But does that mean this subhashita verse is totally wrong? Certainly not! The main problem with the so called learned people is that, they always follow surface thinking. The above verse for the surface thinkers applies on Krishna (Kesava). And if that is taken as true, then this verse becomes totally absurd since there is no support for it from Vedas, Epics. But a deeper study of this verse reveals a truth that this verse is indeed inline with the Shruti. let’s analyze my point further.

Lord Krishna got the name ‘Keshava’ because he killed a demon called ‘Kesi’ who was the commander in chief of demons. So, Kesava when applied on Krishna means the killer of Kesi. However the word Keshava has a deeper meaning as well.

Keshava when split, it comprises of the three parts viz. ‘Ka’, ‘Isha’, and ‘Va’.
‘Ka’ is the Prajapati-tatwam (the potency of creation), ‘Isha’ denotes the lordship and Samhaara-tatwam (potency of destruction), and ‘Va’ denotes the Sthiti-Tatwam (potency of protection & sustenance).

With this internal meaning if we see, then the subhashita verse states that “As like as all the water fallen from the sky goes to the sea through various channels, similarly salutations offered to any deity goes to the one god who is the creator, preserver and destroyer of the universe”. Now let’s see who is that god whom Vedas claimed to be the creator, preserver, destroyer and the supreme lord.

“Namo bhavaya cha rudraya cha |
namah sharvaya cha pashupataye cha ||” (Yajurveda Sri Rudram- Anuvaka 5)
“Salutations to Him who is the source of all things (Bhava) and to Him who is the destroyer of all ills (Rudra). Salutations to the destroyer of everything (Sharva) and to the protector of all beings in bondage (Pashupati)”.

Further on the total lordship aspect Shruti states the following: – Sve. Upa 6:09 says, “na tasya kashchit.h patirasti loke (There is no master of his in the world, no ruler of his)”. Sve. Upa 6:08 says, “na tasya kaarya.n karaNa.n cha vidyate (There is no effect and no cause known of him)”. Svet. Upa. 6:17 says, “ya iishe.asya jagato nityameva naanyo heturvidyata iishanaaya (He rules this world for ever, for no one else is able to rule it).

So, from above analysis we can conclude that the one supreme God who is alone the creator, preserver, destroyer, and lord of all is none other than lord Shiva only. Therefore the true meaning of ‘Keshava’ actually reflects the glory of Lord Shiva and actually applies on him only (of course it applies on krishna as the slayer of Kesi). Therefore, now with a deeper understanding of the meaning what that Subhashita verse conveys, it becomes clear that it is inline with what Vedas, Upanishads and Mahabharata state.

Therefore, it reflects the beauty of Sanatana Dharma that despite there being only one god (Shiva), our religion allows us to see the same God (Shiva) in various other forms of our choice like Krishna, Rama, Vishnu, Ganesha, Skanda etc. and at the same time our Sanatana Dharma ensures that whichever mode of worship one follows, s/he (& his/her devotion) reaches the one common destination (lord Shiva) finally.


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Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः)
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Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः)

Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula, is 'षण्मातुरः' or 'षण्णां मातृणां पुत्रः' in detail, which means 'The son of six (divine) mothers' as he considers the six great goddesses viz. Parvati, Ganga, Lakshmi, Bhudevi, Saraswati, and Gayatri, as his own mothers, and sees himself as an infant in their laps. Together with their respective consorts he considers them as his own parents. He considers their children such as Ganesha, Skanda, Sanatkumara, Narada, Pradyumna etc., as his own siblings; in fact, not different from himself. He loves these six mothers very dearly, and equally loves the divine fathers; however, he has offered his 'devotion' only to Mahadeva! Hence he stands for lord Shiva safeguarding him from his haters. One would know him better from his writings.
Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः)
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32 Comments

  1. Kalpesh Soni

    pothi padh padh jag mua pandit bhayaa na koi

    dhai akkhar prem ke, padhe so pandit hoi

    if you really think keshav and shiva is different, then I guess you missed the whole thing

    Reply
  2. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula

    Thanks for your thoughts. If you really thought you could harmonize Hinduism with “dhai akshar prem ke” i am sure you missed the whole thing. I am aware of the oneness of shiva and keshava, but…. jab ghee seedhi ungli se na nikale to ungli tedhi karni hi padti hai, aur main ungli tedhi karke ghee hi nikaal raha hoon…samjhe sreeman kalpesh ji?

    Reply
  3. Iswardatt Kaliprasad

    i am grateful to santosh for bringing the inner truths of vedas .
    Shiva is the source .He is infinite and changeless.Rest all changes and decay .They are bound by time and space .
    proofs :
    1.krishna the gopa of 16000 gopis turned himself into gopa of Shiva . Ayaappa was their child. krishna told:”o shiva …u r the only purusha without a second”.
    Shiva and mohini had pure divine sexual intercourse and Shiva satisfied krishna .
    2.adi-shakti turned to sati,parvati,durga,mahakali just to unite with that supreme purusha only withour a second.
    3. we all souls finally unite with shiva at sahasrara chakra.

    Reply
    1. Manjunatha Nayaka

      Can u quote a verse in purana that Lord Vishnu and shiva had intercourse and ayyapa was born don’t give false messages to society

      Reply
  4. Iswardatt Kaliprasad

    is harekrishna mantra there in vedas ?

    Reply
  5. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula

    Thanks for visiting and for your kind words about lord Shiva's greatness.

    Surely, what you said about Shiva is right, however the 'Proofs' what you have cited have a folklore element in them, and without solid pramANA-s such statements shouldn't be put forth. Hope you understand.

    Belated wishes to you onMaha Shiva Ratri 🙂

    Reply
  6. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula

    It exists in Kali-Santarana Upanishad which is studied and followed by Gaudiyas and ISKCONites and is believed to have been popularized by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

    Reply
  7. Arun Subramaniyan

    The Kailasha yatra of Arjuna and Krishna was because Arjuna forgets the Pashupatastra and on top of that creates a mess by vowing to kill Jayadratha within sun set the next day. The situation was Arjuna would die whether or not he killed Jayadratha. So to come out this hopeless situation, they go to Lord Shiva for his protection and blessings.

    Did Arjuna actually use the Pashupatastra on Jayadratha? The astra is capable of destroying all 14 worlds within a wink.

    Belated wishes to you on the occasion of Maha Shiva Ratri.

    With Warm Regards
    Arun

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (Post author)

      Dear bro,

      Long time we met here. Hope you are doing great. Thanks for the wishes, and belated wishes to you too for Maha Shiva Ratri. I couldn’t offer any article this year on this occasion to Shiva, but last year’s article on Shiva’s infinite agni-linga related story one holds good for this occassion of Shiva-ratri. Lord had to adjust with the same old article 🙂

      Well, you are right. Arjuna never used Pasupatastra in the war, but the possession of it itself ensures victory and invincibility. krishna and Arjuna during their visit to kailasha didn’t ask Shiva to help them by fighting for them. They just wanted the pashupata mantra to be retold, and returned back happily. But what happened the next day? Out of the 18 day war if at all the day which was the most destructive day, it was that day, and the number of opponent forces that Arjuna had annihilated single handedly that day, was not humanly possible. So, later when Arjuna meets Vyasa, he as you know admits that he didn’t destroy anyone, he saw a person killing all the opponents and arjuna only piercing their dead bodies. And Vyasa tells him that it was Shiva.

      So, it looks likely that when there is no chance of victory, just possessing pashupata itself would ensure pashupati would do our job and when he is on the ground, victory is ensured.

      Even in Padma Purana’s Shiva Gita too Rama is said to have received pashupoatastra from Shiva, and he too never used it, but was able to conquer Ravana’s mighty army which included Indrajit kind of many irresistible warriors. So, mere possessing that weapon ensures victory, and releasing it would ensure even much larger destruction.

      Arjuna had however, unleashed “raudra” weapon in celestial plane against “nirvatkavach” demons while he was assisting the gods of heaven, there also that Raudra weapon assumed the form of a Rudra having 3 heads and in person that Rudra form had destroyed all the enemies in no time. So, whether one unleashes it or not, possessing it makes one having mahadeva by their side, and having him as one’s aid means victory.

      This is my understanding.

      With Regards,
      Santosh

      Reply
  8. Panduranga Rao Sadhu

    Namaskaram,

    Shiva roopayavai Vishnuhu, Vushnu roopayavai Shivaha.
    To see difference between the two is clear maaya. Let one chose whatever form one likes, finally all the worship goes to the Self.

    Reply
  9. Light

    I think you should write a short article like this naming “True Nature of Lord Vishnu is Lord Shiva.” using points from Nrisimha Tapaniya Upanishad. There when Lord Vishnu becomes angry he comes to his original form (ie. Form of Lord Shiva) and hence described by Pinaka weilder, Umapati, Ambikapati, Nilalohita . ..etc. It’s because Lord Vishnu came to his original form. And original form of Lord Shiva also somehow should seem fearful because Upanishads state “Wind moves by his fear…….. “. So, fearfull aspect is the aspect of Brahman and when Lord Vishnu became angry he came to his original Rudra form.

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (Post author)

      Thanks bro for the suggestion. Yes, your inference is right and I am in sync with. Actually i do have nrisimha tapiniya upanishad and nrusimha’s concept in mind for an article since long. The core concept of ‘Rudra (mahakala aspect) being behind every act of anger/annihilation’ has already been touched and explained in my Mahakala aspect article. Basing on that core concept nrisimha (and anything else) could be further understood.

      Also, Vishnu is a combined tatwam of Uma and Shiva. In all his actions he either enacts the cosmic sports of Shiva on earthly plane or cosmic acts of shakti on earthly plane. I had tried touching upon these shades of Vishnu in vishnu-tatwam related article, sita-rama-tatwam article etc., earlier. Similarly, even behind Vishnu’s all destructive actions is the Mahakala tatwam. And shiva-shakti being same shiva’s shakti is behind all the actions of Vishnu (and all other deities too by the way). This is why Lalitambika is hailed as ‘from her nails emerge 10 forms of vishnu’. Devi Mahatmaya further indicates that vaishnavi is the power which works through Vishnu, Brahmi through brahma…narasimhi through narasimha…varahi through varaha etc., and all these are Uma only. Even the compilers of tantra shastras were very well aware of these subtle secrets. In one such tantra it is listed how the dasa-mahavidyas work through the dasAvataras – narasimha (chinnamasta), rama (tara), krishna (kali) etc…

      So, definitely your inference is 100% correct that when Vishnu gets into action (anger) he switches back to his original tatwam of shiva…and if I may extend your words a bit further “and/or shakti”.

      Reply
  10. Arwin

    Mr.Santosh is Tapani Upanishad are auenthethic? I read from advaita website and the fellow said tapani upanishad is forged and not true. And also some other swamis. Because the concept of vedas as advaita is not matched. The four Mahavakyas is not applied here, hence not auenthethic. This my opinion Mr.Santosh.

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (Post author)

      As per Advaitins all 108 upanishads were commented by Upanishad brahmendra Yogin, hence they treat all of them as authentic.

      Reply
  11. madan basnet

    Dear brother i m very happy to be devotee of lord sambha paramshiva your writings made me crystal clear but i have doubt both sanskrit and tamil were given by lord paramshiva through panini and aghastya .which is older and why?could you throw some light on this if u have free time??

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      I remember you as one who had posted several vaishnavite questions against shiva when my blog was hosted at blogger. Now you say you have become a devotee of shiva. Good for you then. Since your question is unrelated to shiva/vishnu, i thought it is fine to reply.
      Well, Sanskrit is much older, panini only formalized the grammar by learning the rules from shiva’s grace. Vedas , itihasa and puranas etc., were all in sanskrit and there were other grammarians before panini (as i heard). In any case, panini is after dwapara yuga, and helped formalizing the rules for kaliyuga time. So, sanskrit is always the oldest language.

      Reply
  12. Karthick

    I also want to share this beautiful verse from Shiva Mahima Stotram which tells that all paths ultimately lead to Mahadeva:

    trayī sāṅkhyaṁ yogaḥ paśupatimataṁ vaiṣṇavamiti
    prabhinne prasthāne paramidamadaḥ pathyamiti ca |
    rucīnāṁ vaicitryādṛjukuṭila nānāpathajuṣāṁ
    nṛṇāmeko gamyastvamasi payasāmarṇava iva || 7 ||

    Different paths (to realization) arc enjoined by the three Vedas, by
    Sankhya, Yoga, Pashupata (Shaiva) (doctrine and Vaishnava Shastras.
    People follow different paths, straight or crooked, according to their
    temperament, depending on which they consider best, or most
    appropriate–and reach You alone just as rivers enter the ocean. (7)

    http://www.harekrsna.de/shiva/Shiva-Mahimna-Stotra.pdf

    Santosh Ji, I know that this was recited by a Gandharva. But is this there in the Shrutis or Smritis? Where does the Shiva Mahima Stotram appear?

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      Yes, this Pushpadanta gandharva has understood the highest truth. I stand jaw dropped when i read these verses thinking whatever truth was never understood even by those so called acharyas, has been understood by this person. He is truly worth regarding the acharya.
      I heard that this hymn is from skanda purana even i wanted to find it’s exact source but so far didn’t succeed.

      Reply
      1. Karthick

        Ok fine. Let me know if you find it 🙂

        Reply
  13. Karthick

    Where this is quoted Santosh Ji?

    “VidyAsu SrutirutkrishTA rudraikAdaSini Srutau |
    tatra panchAksharI tasyAm Siva ityakshara dvayam ||”
    “Among all sources of knowledge (vidyas), the Vedas are supreme. In the Vedas, Sri Rudram is supreme. In the Rudram, the Panchakshari mantra (namah SivAya) is supreme and in Panchakshari mantra itself, the two syllables ‘Siva’ is supreme!”

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      🙁 Forgotten from where I read it.

      Reply
      1. Gujju

        Sir you have awesome memory, you could remember the whole verse but forgot the source!

        Reply
        1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

          This verse is very commonly preached by gurus and speakers on TV also in context of Sri rudram discussion. But no one says “it exists in X book Y chapter Z verse”. And when I tried finding it out I had found it in some websites, where from finally I took the verse without textual source as most probably those websites also didn’t provide the source. This verse is indeed a famous verse and syncs well with my article hence although I too quoted it but since I am not aware of exact source of text where it occurs I didn’t mention chapter and verse nos. And now also if we see we won’t see any website listing its source, only this verse is available floating across many sites.
          if I know verse source text, I would definitely quote. I actually love to quote the chapter and verse more than what you can imagine, 🙂 but when I don’t have that information, how can I help? If you know the Book, Chapter and Verse no., please let me know, I’ll update it. Thanks in advance.

          Reply
  14. Bangalore

    When Shankaracharya himself has hailed Vasudeva as the ultimate truth and accepted Narayana as the parama tattva in 100 different places in his bhashyas and has no where referred to Siva as parabrhaman in any of his brahma sutra or upanishad bhashyas, there is no need to waste our time discussing who is supreme. Vedas declare ” Narayaaat brahma jayate, Narayanaat Rudro Jayate , NArayannat prajaapatayaha prajaayante…rudraavasavaha etc etc Eko Narayanaha, Na Dwitteeyosti kaschit… Also see ” Tamodreki cha kalpaante Rudra roopi Janardanaha ” Bhakshyitvaa cha bhootani Jagatyekaarnaveekrute Naagaparyanka shayane shete cha parameshwaraha ” At this time even Rudra is not there ! This is from Vishnu Purana which is the only Purana other than Narayaneeyam that Acharya Shankara has used as reference in his bhashyas. I am a smartha by birth & practice but we should not twist reality to suit our beliefs

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      There comes another spoon (chamcha) of narayanastra bloggers. 🙂 Do you think you alone revealed these points to me first time? Your friends had done that long long ago. Also, another smartha had already explained that the terms narayana, vasudeva etc., occuring in shankara bhashyas didn’t refer to vaikuntha-vasi-chaturbhuja-vishnu. So, you may have to read shankara bhashyas in more depth.

      Please! I’m not open for sermons. I know what is correct and what is wrong; and I know what/why/when/how etc., about all that I am doing. I don’t need someone’s preachings.

      Reply
      1. Gujju

        Lord, are you blogging these days?

        Reply
        1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

          I’m not the lord 🙂
          Yes and No. Due to time constraints, not able to sit for blogging, but rough notes i’m penning down whenever they come to my mind. So, compilation as articles is a dedicated job which I have not been able to do for long now.

          Reply
      2. sohini

        spoon (chamcha) lol lol lol 🙂 🙂 🙂

        Reply
  15. Karthick

    One correction:

    “tato ‘rjunaḥ prītamanā vavande vṛṣabhadhvajam |
    dadarśotphulla nayanaḥ samastaṃ tejasāṃ vidhim ||” (Mahabharata Drona Parva 7:57:60)
    “taṃ copahāraṃ svakṛtaṃ naiśaṃ naityakam ātmanaḥ |
    dadarśa tryambakābhyāśe vāsudeva niveditam ||” (Mahabharata Drona Parva 7:57:61)

    These verse belong to the 81st chapter of Drona Parva and not the 57th Chapter.

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07078.htm

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      I had been using the sankrit verses from the sacred-texts website which are actually the sanskrit verses of BORI that they have uploaded. This is why there would be chapter no. differences in almost all my OLDER articles. Only from the past few articles I have started using using verses by proper mapping of the chapters instead of sacred texts version. So, this issue exists in all my older articles.

      Reply
  16. sohini

    another day starts with your blog…… and i feel so energized 🙂

    with all the best wishes to u dear santosh bhaiya,
    sohini

    Reply
    1. Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula (षण्मातुरः) (Post author)

      Thank you so much dear behen ..may god bless you abundantly.

      Reply

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