न गृह्णाति वचः पथ्यं कामक्रोधादिपीडितः .
हितं न रोचते तस्य मुमूर्षोरिव भेषजम 
मध्येसमुद्रं या नीता सीता दैत्येन मायिना .
आयास्यति नरश्रेष्ठ सा कथं तव संनिधिम 
Agastya said: One who has become a slave of Lust and anger kind of six vices, he turns a deaf ear to words of wisdom. A man who desires to die wouldn’t consent to take a healing medicine. Similarly, O Rama! Your wife Sita has been stolen away by illusionist demon Ravana and has been kept in his remote place. How can such a lady come back to you?
बध्यन्ते देवताः सर्वा द्वारि मर्कटयूथवत .
किं च चामरधारिण्यो यस्य संति सुराङ्गनाः 
भुङ्क्ते त्रिलोकीमखिलां यः शंभुवरदर्पितः .
निष्कण्टकं तस्य जयः कथं तव भविष्यति 
That Ravana in whose palace Gods of heaven are enslaved, who gets fanned by the wives of those gods, and additionally that Ravana rules over the three worlds fearlessly due to the boons of Maheshwara; to defeat such a mighty demon is it possible for yourself?
इन्द्रजिन्नाम पुत्रो यस्तस्यास्तीशवरोद्धतः .
तस्याग्रे संगरे देवा बहुवारं पलायिताः 
कुम्भकर्णाह्वयो भ्राता यस्यास्ति सुरसूदनः .
अन्यो दिव्यास्त्रसंयुक्तश्चिरजीवी बिभीषणः 
Moreover, he has a son named Indrajit. Due to the boons and blessings of Paramashiva he didn’t taste defeat till date. Unable to stand in front of him many a times Gods fled away. On top of that, Kumbhakarna another mighty demon is Ravana’s brother. Also, the immortal Vibheeshana having many divine weapons is also his another brother.
दुर्गं यस्यास्ति लंकाख्यं दुर्जेयं देवदानवैः .
चतुरङ्गबलं यस्य वर्तते कोटिसंख्यया 
एकाकिना त्वया जेयः स कथं नृपनन्दन .
आकांक्षते करे धर्तुं बालश्चन्द्रमसं यथा .
तथा त्वं काममोहेन जयं तस्याभिवाञ्छसि 
The fort called Lanka which is his capital is impregnable to Gods and demons. Also, he has a Chaturangini army which consists of billions of horses, elephants, and soldiers. How is it possible for you alone to defeat such a mighty demon? You who has become a victim of desire and attachment are thinking of defeating that mighty demon. It looks like a child trying to grab the moon in his fist in infancy stage.
श्रीराम उवाच ..
क्षत्रियोऽहं मुनिश्रेष्ठ भार्या मे रक्षसा हृता .
यदि तं न निहन्म्याशु जीवने मेऽस्ति किं फलम 
अतस्ते तत्त्वबोधेन न मे किंचित्प्रयोजनम .
कामक्रोधादयः सर्वे दहन्त्येते तनुं मम 
अहंकारोऽपि मे नित्यं जीवनं हन्तुमुद्यतः .
हृतायां निजकान्तायां शत्रुणाऽवमतस्य वा 
Sri Rama said: ” O great Saint! I’m born in Kshatriya clan. My consort Sita has been abducted by Ravana. Hence what’s the use of remaining alive if i can’t rescue her back from the trap of that Ravana? Therefore, there is no use if you preach me tatwa bodha. My body is buring with anger etc. qualities. My Ego is like ready to take my life away.
यस्य तत्त्वबुभुत्सा स्यात्स लोके पुरुषाधमः .
तस्मात्तस्य वधोपायं लङ्घयित्वाम्बुधिं रणे 
The man whose wife gets abducted by an enemy and during that moment of insult caused by his enemy if a man gains interest in Tatwa jnanam such a man is regarded as the lowest among men. Hence, suggest me the ways to cross the ocean and defeat my enemy viz. Ravana.
अगस्त्य उवाच ..
एवं चेच्छरणं याहि पार्वतीपतिमव्ययम .
स चेत्प्रसन्नो भगवान्वाञ्छितार्थं प्रदास्यति 
देवैरजेयः शक्राद्यैर्हरिणा ब्रह्मणापि वा .
स ते वध्यः कथं वा स्याच्छंकरानुग्रहं विना
Agastya said: In that case, take the refuge of the eternal (undecaying) lord Shiva the consort of Parvati. If that paramashiva gets pleased with you, then know that he is the only one who can fulfil all your wishes. The king of lanka viz. Ravana is unconquerable even to Indra and other deities including brahma and Vishnu. Hence without the grace of Lord Shiva it’s not possible for you to vanquish Ravana in battle.
अतस्त्वां दीक्षयिष्यामि विरजामार्गमाश्रितः .
तेन मार्गेन मर्त्यत्वं हित्वा तेजोमयो भव 
येन हत्वा रणे शत्रून्सर्वान्कामाअनवाप्स्यसि .
भुक्त्वा भूमण्डले चान्ते शिवसायुज्यमाप्स्यसि 
सूत उवाच ..
अथ प्रणम्य रामस्तं दण्डवन्मुनिसत्तमम .
उवाच दुःखनिर्मुक्तः प्रहृष्टेनान्तरात्मना 
For that reason, I would initiate you under ‘Viraja Deeksha’ which pleases lord Shiva. By following that method your human nature would get discarded and you would get filled with supreme aura. This method would fulfil your dream of vanquishing your enemies. Suta said: After that, Sri rama did prostrations to Agastya, became filled with happiness and said the following words
श्रीराम उवाच ..
कृतार्थोऽहं मुने जातो वाञ्छितार्थो ममागतः .
पीताम्बुधिः प्रसन्नस्त्वं यदि मे किमु दुर्लभम .
अतस्त्वं विरजां दीक्षां ब्रूहि मे मुनिसत्तम 
Sri Rama said: O sage Agastya! I have become blessed today due to your grace. It looks like my wishes are going to be fulfilled now. You are the one who drank the entire ocean in three holy sips, when such a great sage has blessed me, how can I not succeed in achieving my goals? Therefore initiate me at the earliest.
अगस्त्य उवाच ..
शुक्लपक्षे चतुर्दश्यामष्टम्यां वा विशेषतः .
एकादश्यां सोमवारे आर्द्रायां वा समारभेत 
Agastya said: Eitehr on the Chaturdasi (fourteenth day) in Shuklapaksha (fortnight after the new moon day), or on the Ashtami day (eighth day), or on the Ekadashi day (eleventh), or any monday which falls under Arudra star; one should begin this rite called Pashupata Vratam.
यं वायुमाहुर्यं रुद्रं यमग्निं परमेश्वरम .
परात्परतरं चाहुः परात्परतरं शिवम 
ब्रह्मणो जनकं विष्णोर्वह्नेर्वायोः सदाशिवम .
ध्यात्वाग्निनाऽवसथ्याग्निं विशोध्य च पृथक्पृथक 
पञ्चभूतानि संयम्य ध्यात्वा गुणविधिक्रमात .
मात्राः पञ्च चतस्रश्च त्रिमात्रादिस्ततः परम 
एकमात्रममात्रं हि द्वादशान्तं व्यवस्थितम .
स्थित्यां स्थाप्यामृतो भूत्वा व्रतं पाशुपतं चरेत 
The Lord whom scriptures call as Rudra, Parameshwara (greatest lord), Paratpara (higher than the highest), Shiva (auspicious), the father of Vishnu, Agni, Vayu kind of gods; that bhagawan Sadashiva has to be meditated upon. Then one should worship the fire, and subdue the five elements. One should follow this Pashupata penance by following the matras of any of the type called ‘Panchachatushtridwaika’ (five-four-three-two-one).
इदं व्रतं पाशुपतं करिष्यामि समासतः .
प्रातरेवं तु संकल्प्य निधायाग्निं स्वशाखया 
उपोषितः शुचिः स्नातः शुक्लाम्बरधरः स्वयम .
शुक्लयज्ञओपवीतश्च शुक्लमाल्यानुलेपनः 
जुहुयाद्विरजामन्त्रैः प्राणापानादिभिस्ततः .
अनुवाकान्तमेकाग्रः समिदाज्यचरून्पृथक 
Agastya started narrating the sequences of the Pashutpata Vratam (Viraja Deeksha) to Rama as follows. In the early morning, one should become purified by taking bath, shouldn’t eat anything, should wear clean clothes, should do Sankalpa (holy decision), should apply white holy Srigandham (sandal paste of bilva tree), should wear flower garlands, should utter the Viraja mantras by subduing the Prana, Apana kind of winds, should ignite fire by utterring “yaateange…riti” etc mantras, and then apply the holy ash in three horizontal lines format on all over the body by utterring “bhasmadaayagni…” etc. mantras. The one who applies ash in this manner on his body, he becomes freed of all his sins. There is no doubt in this.
आत्मन्यग्निं समारोप्य याते अग्नेति मंत्रतः .
भस्मादायाग्निरित्याद्यैर्विमृज्याङ्गानि संस्पृशेत 
भस्मच्छन्नो भवेद्विद्वान्महापातकसंभवैः .
पापैर्विमुच्यते सत्यं मुच्यते च न संशयः 
वीर्यमग्नेर्यतो भस्म वीर्यवान्भस्मसंयुतः .
भस्मस्नानरतो विप्रो भस्मशायी जितेन्द्रियः 
सर्वपापविनिर्मुक्तः शिवसायुज्यमाप्नुयात .
एवं कुरु महाभाग शिवनामसहस्रकम 
इदं तु संप्रदास्यामि तेन सर्वार्थमाप्स्यसि .
सूत उवाच ..
इत्युक्त्वा प्रददौ तस्मै शिवनामसहस्रकम 
Since this Vibhooti (holy ash) is Vahni-Veeryam, the one who subdues his senses, bathes his own body with this ash, sleeps in the ashes, and never leaves the ashes, such a person becomes freed of all kinds of sins and gets Sayujyam (becoming one) with Shiva. O great king Ramachandra! You follow this procedure. I would preach you Shivasahasranama (thousand names of Lord Shiva). With the effect of these divine names you can achieve all your dreams. Suta said: In this way that great sage preached Rama the thousand names of Shiva
वेदसाराभिधं नित्यं शिवप्रत्यक्षकारकम .
उक्तं च तेन राम त्वं जप नित्यं दिवानिशम 
ततः प्रसन्नो भगवान्महापाशुपतास्त्रकम .
तुभ्यं दास्यति तेन त्वं शत्रून्हत्वाऽऽप्स्यसि प्रियाम 
तस्यैवास्त्रस्य माहात्म्यात्समुद्रं शोषयिष्यसि .
संहारकाले जगतामस्त्रं तत्पार्वतीपतेः 
तदलाभे दानवानां जयस्तव सुदुर्लभः .
तस्माल्लब्धं तदेवास्त्रं शरणं याहि शंकरम 
Moreover that sage spoke the following words: O Rama! These thousand names of Shiva are summary of vedas (Veda saaransham) and can grant the devotee with the vision of Lord Shiva. You should chant these Vedasaara Shiva Sahasranama day and night with full devotion. Consequently, Lord Shiva having become pleased with you. would gift you the Pashupatastra weapon. By possessing that weapon you would become powerful enough for slaying your enemies and can gain your beloved wife back for yourself. With the power of that missile only you can even dry up the limitless ocean. The weapon which acts as the primary cause behind the dissolution of universes during the end of time, unless that supreme weapon is possessed by you, victory over the demons is not possible. For that reasonn in order to gain that supreme weapon, take the refuge of that Eswara.
### Here ends the third chapter of Shiva Geeta present in Padma Purana Uttara Khanda ###
Shiva Gita Translated to English by Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula.
Copyright © 2010, by Santosh Kumar Ayalasomayajula. All Rights Reserved.
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